To Be Completed By: 1 November 1860
U.S. Population: 31.4 million (14 percent slaves)
Census Cost: 2 million
On June 1, 1860 the Bureau of the Census began taking the 8th decennial census of the United States. All responses were to reflect the individual's status as of 1 June 1860, even if the status had changed between June 1st and the day of the actual enumeration (i.e. children born after 1 June should not be listed, and people who died after 1 June should still be counted).
While little was changed from the 1850 census, the 1860 census did add a question about the value of personal property.
Special Census Schedules for 1860Schedules of slave inhabitants were taken in the Southern states, naming only the slave owner and indicating if a slave was black or mulatto, and his or her sex and age. The 1860 census also includes a mortality schedule, giving information about individuals who died within the previous twelve months, and an agricultural schedule, completed for farms and plantations with an annual produce value of at least $100.
Questions Asked in the 1860 Census
- name, age, and sex of each individual in the household
- color or race (white, black, or mulatto)
- profession, occupation, or trade of each individual over age fifteen
- value of real estate
- value of personal property
- place of birth (state, territory, or country)
- whether married within the year
- whether attended school within the year
- whether able to read and write, if over age twenty
- whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, a pauper, or a convict
1860 Census OnlineFamilySearch.org - 1860 Census Index Free! - FamilySearch has teamed up with Footnote to offer free access to the 1860 census index. The images of the original documents are only viewable with a subscription to Footnote.com, or through the 4,500 FamilySearch family history centers located worldwide. This index is in progress.
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For more details on the 1860 Census see Statistics and Instructions for Census Takers - 1860.