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Canadian Immigration, Emigration and Naturalization

Research your immigrant ancestors or learn about Canadian immigration and emigration history. Includes major ports, migration patterns, border crossings, naturalization records, and online ship passenger lists.

19th Century Canadian Settlement Patterns
An overview of immigration to Canada during the 1800's from Volume I of the beautiful Canada Heirloom Series. It begins with information on each region of Canada and then discusses various ethnic communities. 

Canadian Ports of Arrival - Volume One
Browse a nice selection of online transcribed passenger lists for arrivals into the Canadian ports of  Fort Cumberland, Halifax, Newport, Pictou, and Shelburne, Nova Scotia; Montreal; Quebec; and Prince Edward Island. Free from the Immigrant Ships Transcriber's Guild.

Canadian Ports of Arrival - Volume Two
Browse transcribed passenger lists online for arrivals into the Canadian ports of  Montreal and Quebec. From the generous volunteers at the Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild.

Canadian Passenger List Records
An excellent overview of available Canadian immigration records, including a brief history, the years that records are available for each port, information on where and how to obtain passenger list records, a list of more obscure sources for immigration information, and more!

Canadian Ports of Arrival - Volume Three
Browse transcribed passenger lists online for arrivals into the Canadian ports of Halifax, Nova Scotia; Quebec; and Montreal. From the Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild.

Immigrants to Canada
Emigrant information of the 19th century and the ships they came on, extracted from various government records and shipping records. An excellent resource by Marjorie Kohli, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Downton Mass Exodus
This site explores the reasons for the mass exodus of emigrants from Downton, Wiltshire England to Upper Canada, including an online emigrant list.

Immigration Records at the National Archives
A good overview of the immigration and citizenship records available at Library and Archives Canada, the years that they cover, and how to use them effectively to find your ancestors.  

Home Children Found in Canadian Passenger Lists
Between 1869 and the early 1930s, over 100,000 children were sent to Canada from Great Britain during the child emigration movement. Members of the British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa are locating and indexing the names of these Home Children found in passenger lists in the custody of the National Archives of Canada.

Ingeneas Database
Contains Canadian passenger and immigration records from the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries from a wide variety of sources.  The provide the passenger name, age, year of immigration, and departure and arrival points for free.  You can purchase a full transcription of the record with more complete information for a small fee.

Immigrant Diaries and Guides
Nearly 15,000 pages of immigrant diaries and immigration guides demonstrating the Canadian immigrant experience have been digitized and placed online.

Irish Famine Migration to New Brunswick
Search this free database of 23,318 individual passenger records for immigrants from Ireland to New Brunswick for the years 1845-1852. From the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick, Canada.

National Archives of Canada Miscellaneous Immigration Index 
This database of about 15,000 names, is provided online for free by Ingeneas. It holds a few lists of immigrant settlers and passenger lists, mostly relating to immigrants from Great Britain arriving in Canada between 1801 and 1849. This is the primary source of early Canadian passenger lists.

Ship's Passenger Lists to Canada
The Olive Tree Genealogy includes links to about 100 passenger lists for ships which arrived in Canadian ports between 1535 and 1937. 

Pier 21
A landmark in Canadian history, Pier 21 is the location of the Immigration Shed in Halifax, Nova Scotia where, between 1928-1971, 1 million immigrants first set foot on Canadian soil. Be sure to check out the index of ships, the virtual Wall of Honor, and the FAQ concerning immigration records research. 

US - Canadian Border Crossings
Similar to ship passenger lists, these records kept by customs officials beginning in 1895 are an often overlooked genealogy resource. This tutorial by Claire Neville will guide you step-by-step.

Young Immigrants to Canada
A great collection of resources on the Home Children in Canada, including information about various homes and organizations, reunions, titles of books on the subject and some lists of children's names.

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