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U.S. State & Local Census Records Online

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Go beyond the U.S. federal census by researching your ancestors in this collection of online state and local census records.

1. Alabama State Census 1820–1866

Free
This searchable database from Ancestry.com's World Archives Collection contains transcriptions and links to digitized images of Alabama state census records for the years 1820, 1850, 1855, and 1866. Each of these censuses recorded the names of the head of households and the number of other household inhabitants (no names) according to gender and age categories. Some years include additional information, such as race. Read the database description to learn what counties are available for each year.

2. Alabama State Census 1855 & 1866

Free
Searchable indexes (but no images) to available copies of the Alabama state census for 1855 and 1866 are available online at FamilySearch.org. Only head-of-household is listed by name. In some 1866 counties, the records indicate whether there were soldiers in the household who were killed, disabled, or died of sickness.

3. Arizona Territory Census, 1864

Subscription required
As a first step in organizing the government of Arizona Territory, a census was conducted of the Territory's 4,187 inhabitants. Census returns are listed by town and entries include, where provided: name, age, sex, marital status, place of birth, length of residence, whether native of foreign born, naturalization date, location where family resides, and occupation. This database includes transcriptions only, no images.

4. California State Census 1852

Free
This free online database from FamilySearch consists of a name index of population schedules listing the inhabitants of the state of California in 1852. A great resource for anyone researching California Gold Rush ancestors!

5. Colorado Census 1885

Free
Search this index and view images of population schedules listing the inhabitants of the state of Colorado. The 1885 federal semi-decennial census was taken in several states and funded, in part, by the U.S. federal government. The enumeration forms closely resemble decennial federal census schedules in use at the time, with similar information collected.

6. Florida State Census - 1885, 1935 and 1945

Free
The 1885 state census of Florida is available online at FamilySearch for all counties in existence at the time except for Alachua, Clay, Columbia and Nassau. All counties within the state are represented for the 1935 and 1945 state censuses, although some election precincts are missing.

7. Illinois State Census 1855 & 1865

Free
FamilySearch hosts 1855 and 1865 state census schedules for Illinois online. The 1855 Illinois census is an index/transcription only (no images) and names only the head of household. 1855 schedules do not exist for the counties of Carroll, Champaign, Franklin, Gallatin, Henry, Jefferson, Jo Davies, Lake, Stark, Will, and Woodford. Census returns for 1865 do exist for 99 of the 102 Illinois counties, with the exception of Gallatin, Mason, Monroe, and part of Tazewell.

8. Iowa State Census 1885 & 1895

Free
Free, searchable name indexes (no images) to the Iowa state census schedules of 1885 and 1895 from FamilySearch.

9. Massachusetts State Census 1855 & 1865

Free
The New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS) and FamilySearch created this free name index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the State of Massachusetts in 1855 and 1865.

10. Michigan State Census

Free
This collection of approximately 62,000 images of Michigan state census population schedules covers a number of Michigan counties for the years 1884 and 1894. Information collected for each individual may include the following: name, age, sex, color, relationship to head of household, marital status, month and place of marriage (if married within the census year), place of birth, parents' places of birth, children born to family during census year, occupation, health status, occupation, marriages out of the family during the census year, and the number of years living in Michigan. The 1894 state census also asks for the number of years in the U.S. Read the database description for a list of available counties/years.

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